Selection criteria for mechanical Thermometers (1): Response time

Selecting suitable mechanical thermometers for an activity is not a quick task. Bimetal thermometers or gas-actuated thermometers ? the decision on the sort of thermometer alone depends on several factors. Probably Indulgence is the response time of the measuring Instrument.
In terms of speed, there is absolutely no way around gas-actuated thermometers. Generally of thumb, these thermometers take about 30 seconds for a temperature adjustment from 10�C to 90�C. A bimetal thermometer would display exactly the same final value after 90 seconds. Because of Cover-up , gas-actuated thermometers are particularly suitable for integration into switching requirements.
The difference in speed is explained by the different functional principles of both thermometer types ? unlike the bimetal thermometer (which uses the principle of different expansion coefficients), the measuring system of a gas-actuated thermometer is filled up with helium under great pressure. Any change in temperature causes an instantaneous change in internal pressure in the stem. The pressure deforms the measuring tube and the deflection is transferred to the pointer with a movement.
Thermowells affect the response time
As with other measuring instruments, in critical processes, mechanical thermometers must also be combined with a thermowell. It ought to be considered that this type of sleeve will also have an influence, to some extent significant, on the response time of the thermometer. From what extent, depends on the material and wall thickness of the thermowell.
Note
Further details on mechanical thermometers are available on the WIKA website beneath the headings Dial thermometers and Thermometers with switch contacts.
See also our articles
Selection criteria for mechanical thermometers (2): process temperature
Selection criteria for dial thermometers (3): Capillary

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