How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is probably one of the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots back to these prehistoric days when somebody grabbed a digging instrument and started burrowing into the ground. In the many millennia since, mining has grown into one of the world’s most important and widespread industrial enterprises, with operations spread across the globe whereas tasked with recovering an nearly inexhaustible list of useful commodities.
In truth, in accordance with the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined merchandise were recovered in 2018, up from 11.3 billion metric tons in 2000 and practically double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian nations accounted for fifty eight percent of the 2018 production, with North America second at 15.1 %, adopted by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.8 percent), Latin America (6.3 percent), and Africa (5.3 percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) have been the most prolific producers, with their total 51.1 % of manufacturing greater than the remainder of the world combined.
This signifies that the mining business is a strong one, with solid progress anticipated to proceed in the coming years in lots of regions of the world. It also implies that mining operations will continue to rely on pumping technologies that provide sturdy, reliable, and protected service in a quantity of important liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why optimistic displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps could be your finest option for a lot of of these purposes.
THE CHALLENGE
While mining might look like nothing more than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy machinery or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to entry from above—there are, in fact, many complicated and sometimes delicate operations that have to be carried out correctly if the mining operation is to perform at its highest level of effectivity.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping technology that can function reliably in harsh and distant locations, even when submerged, or when tasked with dealing with particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive merchandise, and also one that is in a position to be maintained and repaired in order that downtime is lessened. The pumps must also be gentle enough to be manually moved from location to location within the mine itself.
For a few years, a popular choice to be used in these situations was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are capable of create the excessive flow charges which are required, they’ve numerous operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining purposes: an inability to self-prime or run dry; special seals wanted to prevent leaks; special linings needed to deal with solids; excessive motor speeds of as much as 1,800 rpm; and comparatively high maintenance necessities and prices, particularly when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another in style choice has been the progressive cavity pump, however, like centrifugal pumps, they’ve a variety of operational shortcomings. These include an inability to persistently handle liquids with excessive levels of abrasives, which leads to elevated maintenance costs, wear on expensive stators and rotors that can ultimately need to be changed, and overall higher buy, working, and repair/replacement prices.
Here are a number of the specific liquid-transfer operations that happen in a mine and the ways that some pump technologies can fall brief in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing excess produced water from the mine is a critical 24/7/365 operation and the water that’s recovered is often full of particulates that might be as large as zero.12 to 0.16 inches in measurement. If used in this software, centrifugal pumps require particular supplies of development, which can be cost prohibitive, to guard in opposition to impeller put on caused by the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are also not dry-run succesful, which adversely affects their degree of performance on this application.
General service: For common liquid-handling functions, you need an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip lines, operate at low speeds whereas nonetheless delivering excessive move rates, and be simple to hold up and repair. Centrifugal pumps merely do not possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted parts of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This usually demands a need to use particular mechanical seals, which can lead to exorbitant upkeep, repair, and replacement prices.
Press filter: Press filters are used to clean the liquids which might be produced in the mines and, again, centrifugal pumps can fall quick in this application because the solid-laden liquid can injury the pump’s internals except particular, dearer materials of building or linings are used. Also, the character of press-filter operation creates a strong discharge-pressure variation that may drive the centrifugal pump to operate away from its best effectivity point (BEP), resulting in excessive vibration and radial loads that may lead to shortened service life. A answer to that is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, however these are expensive and might negatively affect the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product switch: This comes in all forms in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vans with new and used oil for the heavy machinery, contemporary and fouled water, and any chemicals which would possibly be required. In every occasion, there might be the chance that the pump will be compelled to run dry as the truck or storage vessel is emptied, while discharge-pressure variation can even generate excessive vibration and radial hundreds. As previously illustrated, centrifugal pumps cannot run dry, so they need safety from this condition or the addition of particular seals. However, all of those upgrades still cannot completely defend against a catastrophic failure.
THE SOLUTION
While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have proven to not be the best solution in plenty of liquid-handling purposes in mining, one pump technology that has confirmed to be an optimum choice is AODD—in terms of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and upkeep, and security for mining personnel and the setting.
AODD pumps are able to carry out effectively in mining functions as a result of their technique of operation permits them to simply deal with variable circulate rates and pressures, whereas being dry-run and line-stripping capable, and nimble enough to switch liquids that are shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, in addition to slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and other particulates.
The easy design of the AODD pump options few moving parts and comparably lower speeds than different pump technologies, which improves reliability and simplifies maintenance, while the pump’s seal-less development ends in fewer leaks, which is a critical consideration when dealing with the many hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids that are prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps are available in both metal (most generally aluminum, ductile iron and solid iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, whereas a broad array of elastomers can be utilized within the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility concerns.
เกจวัดแรงดันคือ of AODD pump configurations present operational flexibility that may also result in optimized performance at many ranges. The capability to function AODD pumps in a extensive range of functions, from basic basic use to delicate chemical-handling processes, permits operators to more cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps can additionally be less expensive to function, especially those fashions which are outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most simple, AODD pumps excel in the typical rugged and harsh working situations discovered within the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents together with corresponding downtime and restore costs.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping principle sixty-five years ago, has been devoted to creating applied sciences that meet the needs of mining operations. Today, Wilden offers three AODD pump models that are built to excel in mining purposes, out there in ductile iron, cast iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar supplies of development:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which function a bolted configuration, have been built for use in purposes that require the handling of liquids that includes large solids. The Brahma pumps have a novel top-inlet/bottom-discharge circulate orientation and flap valves that allow the passage of large solids with no danger that injury will occur because of product entrapment or the settling of solids within the pump’s inside circulate paths. Brahma pumps are available in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to reduce air consumption by as much as 60 percent. The T810 and T1510 fashions are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate vary for the 4 Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures up to 125 psi with solids-handling functionality ranging from 2 to three inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps function a clamped design with carrying handles for lightweight portability. Their design features massive inside clearances and flow-through paths for easy passage of huge solids with no probability for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve assembly further enables solids passage, while a polyurethane display base on the inlet will increase the pump’s sturdiness. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) fashions are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps featuring the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most sturdy ADS design for the hardest environments. Flow rates amongst the six fashions vary from fifty seven gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures up to one hundred twenty five psi. Solids sizes that may be dealt with vary from half to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps characteristic clamped or bolted configuration. Their design features totally different chamber supplies, including metallic and plastics, even Kynar, which is capable of dealing with excessive levels of abrasive materials. The Pro-Flo SHIFT can be essentially the most efficient AODD pump in the market, able to reducing up to 60 % air consumption. This makes it the greatest option for dealing with corrosive and abrasive merchandise in mining processes. The pumps have a product range that goes from 1.5 to three inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are able to be outfitted with a massive selection of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a various array of supplies, similar to Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm range gives users the widest choice of diaphragms on the market, all of which are able to offering extended imply time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with lowered upkeep, repair, and alternative costs.
All of those capabilities make AODD pumps the best selection for the aforementioned common liquid-handling functions in mining: dewatering, general service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and every day product transfer.
CONCLUSION
In abstract, Wilden AODD pumps are the best option for mining applications because they offer appreciable operational advantages, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead capability, together with elevated operational security and a discount in maintenance/repair prices that can be incurred by pumps that are not designed to handle abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps also outperform other AODD applied sciences in other important ways: easy design with the bottom variety of parts for quicker, easier, and safer repairs and the lowest number of spare parts to stock; current enhancements in supplies of construction that increase the pump’s MTBF; and improved effectivity through the use of the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which finally leads to sooner product switch with decrease air consumption. Wilden additionally continues to innovate via the development of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, both of which improve service life and security whereas not compromising the handling of difficult liquids.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
Fernando Meneses is the regional supervisor North Latin America for Wilden, a leading producer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He may be reached at fernando.meneses@psgdover.com. Wilden is a product model of PSG®, a Dover firm. PSG is comprised of several leading pump companies, together with Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For more data, go to www.wildenpump.com or www.psgdover.com.
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