Donations – An Essential Guide, Part three

Donations can cause unintended pressure
Donations of Emergency Services gear to the Global South come from every kind of sources and include a selection of manufacturers of kit. Donating entities gather whatever they will and bundle items into shipments that ideally match the needs of the recipient. But the considerably haphazard donations process can end up creating added strain on the Global South recipient departments. After all, it is exhausting enough maintaining a standardized stock of apparatus. But think about now having a combine of equipment, every with slightly totally different traits and attributes – gear, tools and automobiles with completely different manuals in case you have them, different spare elements if you want them, specialist technical assist if one method or the other you might get entry to it locally, and infrequently instructions that are not within the native language of recipient firefighters.
Moreover, I even have seen donated gear arrive in recipient countries that’s clearly marked as out of service (OOS), unserviceable (U/S), unrepairable, failed and even ‘unsafe–do not use’. Also common is damaged or incomplete gear; PPE that is torn, still dirty with blood, or without thermal liners; cracked helmets with no face shields or internal shell; SCBA masks with no harnesses or exhalation valves; seized pumps; and, the commonest of all, punctured hearth hose.
Donations usually come with written disclaimers from some Global North organizations, absolving them from any guarantee, guarantee and duty for accident, injury or mechanical failure after delivery. But legal liability is hardly the most important concern of a recipient department looking to defend its personnel. Clear fit-for-duty circumstances should always be met by a donation to make sure it serves its intended objective.
Lastly, pressure gauge หน้าปัด 2 นิ้ว count on the host country or recipient division to cover some prices – delivery, import duties and flights for volunteers providing coaching and attending the handover. And whereas there are good arguments for cost-sharing (including that it encourages accountability on the part of the recipient), these prices could be substantial for recipients who in lots of circumstances can’t afford fundamental, new belongings. These prices put vital pressure on the recipient departments and can end result in donations being stuck in warehouses for months or years whereas recipients wait for somebody to pay taxes and costs to get the gear ‘released’ to be used.
Are we encouraging risk?
I actually have seen many types of equipment that require regular, specialist care and statutory management that have arrived within the palms of overseas personnel having failed or exceeded the permissible requirements expected within the nation of origin. Used ladders, hoses, pumps, chemical safety suits, medical supplies, radiation and gas-monitoring devices, traces, lifejackets, vertical rescue gear, and so forth. all cascade their method all the means down to countries the place they are used and trusted by those with less regulatory safety. Firefighters within the Global South are no less brave than their counterparts in richer international locations. The gear they use should nonetheless be protected.
It concerns me – and I really have seen this in the field – that some sorts of refined donated gear often encourage firefighters to deal with emergencies that they have no training or ability to deal with. In many circumstances, they expose themselves to far larger threat, as they’ve neither the expertise nor the training opportunities that Global North responders have.
Responders in rising markets don’t have the luxury of calling the native energy or gasoline firm to isolate the provision to a property earlier than they enter. They might face stored domestic fuel bottles, unauthorized electricity connections, illegal building standards, and different hazards that make their operations particularly precarious. But armed with their newly donated equipment, they sometimes assume that they are higher protected to enter these dangers than before, once they had nothing.
Ask yourself if you would truthfully be okay with utilizing donated gear that has failed certification or handed its usable date in your individual day by day emergencies, not to mention underneath these circumstances?
Some donor companies that ship their personnel to give short-term, primary training problem their very own ‘certificates of attendance and/or competence’. But attendance just isn’t the same as mastery. A firefighter receiving a donation is unlikely to ask if the overseas skilled is basically certified to teach them a couple of particular piece of kit. Unless certifications are endorsed or acknowledged by a genuine standards company in the host nation and the instructors have current qualifications and legal authority to issue them outside their own nation, the practice is questionable.
In some ways, skilled guidance is even more important than the donated equipment itself. If we wish to prevent donation-driven danger taking by Global South first responders, we need to not solely donate equipment that’s match for obligation but in addition assist our donations with qualified individuals on the ground, working hand in hand with the native personnel for an acceptable time period to correctly information and certify users in operations and maintenance.
Donations ought to drive price range
Finally, donations do not routinely remedy the tools and coaching void in rising markets, and in some cases, they will truly exacerbate the problem. Global South firefighters asking for overseas help are doing so as a result of their local authorities both lack the mandatory funds or don’t see their needs as a priority. But the truth is that in many nations’ governments, officers often have little understanding of the trade. They assume that donated used objects are a helpful solution to a finances shortfall. A short-term repair maybe. But in the long term, the aim must be to motivate governments to handle the actual short- and long-term needs of their Emergency Services personnel and really put cash into the event of quality Emergency Services for their countries. A quick repair may take the strain off temporarily, however the important discussion about long-term financing between departments and their governments needs to be taking place sooner, not later.
In the end, there isn’t any shortcutting high quality. Donations need to be quality equipment, licensed to be used and ideally, the place possible, the same or comparable manufacturers as those getting used currently by recipients. Equipment needs to come with actual coaching from practitioners with current expertise on the gear being received. Recipients must be trained so the brand new gear could make them safer, not create additional threat. And donations should not end a dialog about finances – they should be part of a conversation about higher requirements and better service that relies on a wide selection of new, recycled and donated tools that really serves the ever-expanding wants of the worldwide Emergency Services group.
Please maintain an eye fixed out for the fourth and ultimate instalment of this article next month, the place I will illustrate elements to think about when making a donation, as nicely as recommendations to make sure profitable donations you probably can feel happy with.
Chris Gannon
Chris Gannon has spent 29 years in the trade as a national Fire Chief, authorities advisor, CEO of Gannon Emergency Solutions, and has built a popularity as a pioneer in reviewing and bettering Emergency Services around the globe. For more data, please go to or
GESA (Global Emergency Services Action)
GESA is a world non-profit founded in 2020 by leader corporations in the Emergency Services sector. GESA is a coalition of firms, consultants and practitioners working collectively to vary the method forward for the global Emergency Services marketplace. We are currently creating our flagship platform – the GESA Equipment Exchange – a web-based software that will connect Global South departments with producers, consultants, trainers and suppliers to tie donations to a sustainable, longer-term pipeline of sales and service. For extra data, membership inquiries and more, please contact

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