What is the best ignition protection type for UHP pressure transducers?

The leading ignition protection type is critical for the electrical connection of a pressure sensor with explosion protection. It generally does not necessarily have to be the one with the stricter requirements. This applies, for example, for the UHP pressure transducers of the WU series from WIKA. They have been designed for use in semiconductor production.
Explosion protection can be an indispensable safety precaution there. For the reason that the substances required for manufacturing include highly flammable gases. Consequently, you will find a threat of an explosive atmosphere forming.
Explosion protection concept
UHP pressure transducers for such processes must be designed with the corresponding safety. In addition to their small design and specific process connections, the models WUC-1x and WU-2x have a comprehensive explosion protection concept. The marking of the instruments provides home elevators this:
II 3G Ex ec ic IIC T6/T5/T4 Gc X
The abbreviations listed inside them mean, in greater detail:
II 3G:
Equipment group 2 (all areas except mining), can be used in zone 2 (rare and short-term Ex atmosphere).
Ex ec ic:
Ignition protection types ?ec? (increased safety) and ?ic? (intrinsically safe; zone 2).
?Ex ec? has replaced the ignition protection type ?Ex nA? (non-sparking) because the start of 2022. However, Left Behind will not affect the Ex idea of the instruments.
IIC:
Explosion group (here: gases, resistive ignition energy of 40 �J, suitable for hydrogen/acetylene).
T6/T5/T4:
Temperature classes. T6 as the highest requirement stands for a maximum permissible surface temperature in the Ex environment < 85 �C (max. surface temperature of the WUC-1x and WU-2x: 40 �C).
Gc:
?Equipment Protection Level? (EPL) for zone 2 per IEC 60079-0
X:
Specific requirements which are listed in the operating instructions (for example, the suitable mating connector).
?ec? is the leading ignition protection type
It is noticeable that the marking contains two ignition protection types. However, only one is relevant for the electrical connection: the leading ignition protection type. In the case of the pressure transducers from the WU series, this can be the Ex ec (Ex nA around 2022) mentioned first and not the stricter Ex ic. This can also be observed in the connection values in the data sheet and operating instructions. Only the specification of the maximum supply voltage UN = 30 V, that is also stated in the IECEx certificate, is pertinent here.
What does Detailed ?Ex ic? Calm for? It only pertains to the potentiometer of the transducer. The resistive component comes with an intrinsically safe circuit and may therefore be adjusted to improve zero drift during operation. In their overall form, the WU models do not require an intrinsically safe circuit. However, they need to never be disconnected from the circuit during operation or when an Ex atmosphere is present.
Note
More info on the WUC-1x and WU-2x UHP pressure transducers and about hydrogen can be found on the WIKA website. When you have any questions, your contact will gladly help you.
Also read our articles
Ex protection: The most common ignition protection types for sensors in gas hazardous areas
Ex protection: The difference between your zone and division model

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