Active and passive temperature compensation of pressure sensors

How does a dynamic or passive temperature compensation of pressure transmitters really work? High-quality pressure transmitters, especially those used in precision critical applications, are almost always provided with an individual temperature compensation. But what’s actually the difference between a dynamic and a passive temperature compensation of these sensors?
Passive temperature compensation: Sections of the characteristic accuracy curve of the pressure sensor are measured at different temperatures through the manufacturing process. Then, the previously determined temperature errors are compensated by passive elements (resistors) within the electronics of the sensor or by corrections of specifically made resistance structures directly on the sensor element itself (e.g. by laser-trimming). The (passive) resistor elements used have an almost linear temperature behavior, it is, however, only possible to compensate 1st order errors. Dollar of higher order, i.e. strong bending of the characteristic curve under temperature, can’t be compensated.
Active temperature compensation: Here too, the characteristic curve of the pressure transmitters is measured at different temperatures during the manufacturing process. However, the pressure transmitter has an additional integrated temperature sensor which constantly measures the temperature of the sensor and transfers it to the pressure transmitter?s signal processing. Used, two ways of active temperature compensation are common: the initial method compensates through a limited number of samples, , i.e. discrete correction values, between which interpolation takes place.
The second method uses the electronics of the transmitter and a higher-order equation caused by the regression of the acquired measurement values to be able to compensate then your expected error. During operation, this signal processing can help you automatically, i.e. ?actively?, compensate the pressure transmitter ?s temperature error utilizing the calculated correction factors inside a specified temperature range (e.g. 10-60�C). The most commonly used method to minimize temperature errors of pressure sensors is a passive temperature compensation. Superb is actually the traditional method which is widely used.
However, active temperature compensation may be the top quality of possible compensation methods. WIKA has constantly improved and refined this technology in recent years. The pressure transmitters of WIKA using active temperature compensation therefore feature a temperature error that is almost zero within their specified temperature range.

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